Northumberland Artillery


"Renown awaits the commander who first restores artillery to its prime importance on the battlefield."

-- Winston Churchill


16 August 1859

Raised at Tynemouth as 1st Northumberland Corps.  The first artillery unit based in the United Kingdom
June 1880 Renamed as the 1st Northumberland and Durham Artillery  Volunteer Corps
1881 Reformed as 3rd Northumberland Artillery Volunteer Corps and  renamed the Tynemouth Artillery Volunteer Corps

Renamed as Tynemouth Royal Garrison Artillery

1921 Renamed as the Tynemouth Coast Brigade RGA (TA)
1924 Renamed the Tynemouth Heavy Brigade RA (TA)
1938 Renamed the Tynemouth Heavy Regiment RA (TA)
1940 Regiment is reorganised as 508th, 509th, 510 (Tynemouth) Coast  Regiment TA (RA)
1 September 1948 Redesignated as 405 (Tynemouth) HAA Regiment
1 January 1954 Amalgamated with 464 Regiment as 405 (Tynemouth) HAA  Regiment
10 March 1955

Amalgamated with 324 Regiment to form 324 (Northumbrian)  HAA Regiment

18 March 1964 Renamed as 324 (Northumbria Artillery) Heavy AD Regiment 
1967 Amalgamated into 101 (Northumberland) Regiment RA(V) as  Headquarter Battery

Renamed as Headquarter (1st Tynemouth Volunteer Artillery)  Battery RA (V)


"Do not forget your dogs of war, your big guns, which are the most-to-be respected arguments of the rights of kings."

-- Frederick the Great




The Elswick Battery was a long range Naval 12-pounder on a field carriage, manned by a detachment of Northumberland Artillery Volunteers (from the Armstrong Whitworth Elswick Works). It was known as Lady Meux's Elswick Battery and could project a 12 or 15 lb shell for a distance of 10,000 yds (9,144 m), or shrapnel up to 7,000 yds (6,488 m). A volunteer officer of the battery stated that 'when the Elswick Battery was offered free to the War Office, it was refused as being unnecessary - the very guns our generals are clamouring for. Lady Meux then telephoned direct to Lord Roberts and he accepted them at once. They were really a private gift to him.'(30)


"Artillery men believe the world consists of two types of people; other Artillery men and targets."


"The Guns, Thank God, The Guns. . ."

-- Rudyard Kipling


"The best generals are those who have served in the artillery."

-- Napoleon Bonaparte